Campbell - Regulating Mining in Africa - For Whose Benefit?

full all chapter5 chapter6 chapter7 chapter8 chapter9

chapter4 chapter5 chapter6 chapter7 chapter8 chapter9

Transparency and Accountability

Policy, Legal and Contractual Framework

Sector Organization and Institutions

Fiscal Design and Administration

Revenue Management and Distribution

Sustainable Development

Campbell, B., (Ed.). Regulating Mining in Africa - For Whose Benefit? Discussion Paper No. 26 (Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2004) 


The quality of governance in the Extractive Industries is a key determinant of the development outcomes of activities in the industry. While the quality of national governance is important, the book editors seek to demonstrate that no amount of local governance is sufficient if it is not accompanied by legal and fiscal frameworks designed to meet development objectives implemented in the context of good international policies and rules. In this regard, regulatory efforts in the mining industry are examined since the 1980s in Africa with a view to determining their developmental impacts.

In order to address these broader issues, the study is divided into three sections. The first briefly summarises the process of liberalisation of the African mining sector in the 1980s from a developmental perspective. The second examines the creation of a new regulatory framework in the 1990s for mining in Africa. In the third section, a series of case studies illustrate how this process has given rise to specific mining codes and environmental regulations in different African countries. While in no way claiming to be exhaustive, the section adopts a comparative perspective in order to examine certain implications for the countries concerned of present forms of liberalisation in the mining sector.

Based on five country case studies (Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Madagascar, and Tanzania), the editors suggest that the reform measures introduced, largely on the recommendation of multilateral financial institutions over the last twenty years, have entailed a redefinition of the role of the state. The editors hypothesize from the three generation of mining reforms over the last twenty years that profound modifications to the role of local states has occurred and that these modifications have not been given adequate attention. They argue further that the manner of deregulation and forms of re-regulation introduced in the 1980s and 1990s may not necessarily be compatible with and may even impede the development growth of the countries concerned.

The study ends by pointing to several possible areas of reform and to measures that might enhance the role of the mining sector in responding to development challenges.


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