Adriana et ak - Gender Dimensions of the Extractive Industries

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Transparency and Accountability

Policy, Legal and Contractual Framework

Sector Organization and Institutions

Fiscal Design and Administration

Revenue Management and Distribution

Sustainable Development

Adriana, E., et al, Gender Dimensions of the Extractive Industries: Mining for Equity, Extractive Industries and Development Series No. 8, 2009.

The Extractive Industries (EI) with its associated impact on the environment i.e. social, economic and environment may be positive or negative in its effect on men and women albeit differently. This paper explores the ways in which men and women are differently impacted by EI; highlighting what the implications are for business and development, and providing policy suggestions as to how to mitigate negative impacts and amplify the positive ones. The authors in this light explore gender dimension in terms of employment and income, environment, community consultations and artisanal and small scale mining.

They note how the community is especially impacted and why improving the lot of women stakeholders can contribute significantly to the sustainable development of communities and increasing the social license of companies and government to operate.

The authors further examine what is going right in respect of gender issues in the EI and what can be done to enhance positive outcomes. The paper concludes with suggestions for all stakeholders i.e. governments, communities, companies, civil society and other policy makers, for addressing and mitigating gender-specific negative impacts of the EI. These suggestions include working to support women’s employment in EI operations as well as in support industries; working to improve women’s economic and financial opportunities  such as micro credit programmes; investing in social programmes to alleviate some of the traditional burdens on women and offset some of the impacts on EI; providing capacity building opportunities for women; promoting and or conducting gender-sensitive social baseline assessment to determine potential impacts of EI operations on gender relations.

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